Hip fractures can be deadly for many seniors, dramatically increasing a risk for fatality. News of an older adult breaking their hip is a major red flag because of the lack of mobility it causes.
Unfortunately, the numbers are high with one in three adults over the ago of 50 dying within 12 months of a hip fracture. After suffering from a hip fracture the increased risk of death remains for 10 years after.
Not only does a hip fracture cause pain but it results in a loss of physical function, decreased social engagement, increased dependence, and a worse quality of life. This condition can cause someone to change their living conditions, moving to a senior home for more assistance. Ultimately, the often rapid regression of an older person’s health following a hip fracture means outcomes are poor.
What Increases the Risk
- Age :Those aged 65 or older are at an increased risk for hip fractures, typically occurring from a fall or a collision.
- Cognitive Impairment: Factors such as dementia increase the risk of falling.
- Osteoporosis: A disease characterized by low bone mass and degradation of bone tissue, is another significant risk factor for hip fractures.
- Frailty, poor vision, the use of a combination of medications, and trip hazards: Increase the likelihood of falls.
Worldwide, one in three women and one in five men experience a fracture caused by such bone fragility, with a fracture occurring every three seconds. Compared to a fracture of any other bone, a hip fracture results in the most serious of all consequences. Previous research has reported around 30% of people with hip fractures have had a prior fracture; this is known as the “fracture cascade”. The increased risk of subsequent fracture may persist for ten years, which highlights the importance of treating the initial fracture promptly and effectively.
Chances of Death Rises
Joint replacement surgery is the most common after undergoing a hip fracture. The combination of the trauma of the fracture and surgery significantly increases the risk of death. Other complications may arise, such as infection, internal bleeding, stroke, or heart failure.
One study showed heart disease, stroke and pneumonia resulted in a long-term doubling of risk of death after hip fracture, and this risk remained high for up to ten years in women and 20 in men. Studies suggest issues related to the hospitalization, surgery, or immobility after a fracture lead to other complications that ultimately result in earlier death.
How To Improve Rehabilitation
Together with controlling immediate post-surgery pain and symptoms, patients should receive therapeutic rehabilitation and functional training for the best chance of regaining mobility.
Taking individual capabilities, physical health and function into account, therapeutic rehabilitation may include improving the range of motion, pool therapy, and strengthening and progressive resistance exercises. Functional training will include gait training, and resistance and balance exercises.
Reno Valley Assisted Living and Retirement Community
Reno Valley is an assisted living and retirement community that makes living independently, while at the same time feeling safe and secure, a reality. We strive to provide the best quality of life for all residents including those suffering from loneliness and depression.
We offer a comprehensive activity program that includes both physical and social activities to encourage emotional well-being. Our staff is trained to assist those with depression. If you or a loved one are considering assisted living, contact Reno Valley today to learn more about our services or tour our community.